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Introduction and Promoters of 'Eid Miladunnabi SA', Eid-e-Miladunnabi in the Light of History and Sunnah: A Historical Review

 

The word Milad means birth or birthday. By 'Miladunnabi' we mean our Prophet Muhammad SAW. Its birth or birthday. In our Muslim society Miladunnabi is celebrated in different ways. These festivals centered around Miladunnabi or Nabiji's birthday are called 'Eid Miladunnabi'. For a long time some sections of the Muslim community have been campaigning and celebrating Mila Dunnabi as 'Sayyidul A'Iyad', 'The best Eid of all Eids' or 'The Big Eid' in Eid, the festival centered around the Prophet's birthday. Here are two things to consider: 1. How many Eid in Islam and 2. What is the Sunnah method of celebrating Miladunnabi or Prophet's birthday?


Hadith and Sunnah mention only two Eids for the Muslim nation. Anas Ra. said Nabiji Sa. He migrated to Medina. At that time the people of Medina had two days; On the two days they used to celebrate joy every year with sports. When the Prophet asked about the two days, they said, We have been celebrating the two days since the time of Jahiliyyah. Nabiji Sa. He said, I have come among you; Allah has changed you in two better days instead. They are Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha (Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith-1134; Sunan Nasa'i, Hadith-1556; Musnad Ahmad, Hadith-12827).


Even Sahabi Kiram Ra. When Nabiji Sa. When he described the Eids of his era, he mentioned only two Eids. There is no existence of any third Eid in their narrative. We mention two descriptions. Abdullah Ibn Omar RA. Said, Rasulullah SAW, Abu Bakr and Omar RA. He used to perform the 'two Eid' prayers before the sermon (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith-963; Sahih Muslim, Hadith-888). Jabir Ibn Samura RA. He said, I have seen the Prophet many times. Along with this, I performed the 'two Eid' prayers without adhan and consensus (Sahih Muslim, Hadith-887; Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith-1148).


Besides, the Fiqh Imams of the Muslim Ummah also did not mention any third Eid except two Eids in their researches and books. It is not known from Islamic history that there was a third Eid even during the era of Khairul Qurun (three welfare eras), i.e. the Sahabi, Tabeyi and Tabe-Tabeyids. So making such a non-existent thing firstly Eid, secondly campaigning and celebrating it as 'the best Eid of all Eids' cannot be the work of any conscious Muslim.


Annual vs. Weekly: Those who celebrate Miladunnabi in this way celebrate 12th Rabiul Awal every year as Eid. But it is described in the authentic hadith, the Prophet. He celebrated his birthday weekly and did so by fasting on Mondays. Abu Qatadah RA. Nabiji was asked about his fasting on Monday. He said, I was born on this day (Sahih Muslim, Hadith-1162).


From this hadith we learn the Sunnah method of celebrating Miladunnabi, that is, the method of celebrating the Prophet's birthday from his own actions. It is not through any festival every year. Rather weekly by fasting on Mondays. It is the duty of the Ummah to confine itself to the proven Sunnah and not fall behind new innovations.


In this way, when talking about being limited to the Sunnah in actions and omissions, some people who love innovation, tradition and tradition continue to be plagued with various questions. They said, 'What is the problem or damage? We are doing a good job like this! Our question to them, Nabi Sa. And what is the problem if it is limited to the blessed Sunnah of his Companions? Is our invented method better or Sunnah better? What is the need to invent something new outside the Sunnah? Nabiji has clearly stated that everything that brings you closer to Paradise and keeps you away from Hell has been revealed to you (Tabarani, Al Mu'zamul Kabir, Hadith-1647).


Some traditionalists say, 'Nabizi did not initiate, nor did he prohibit.' We want to say to him, do you know the introduction and consequences of innovation? The Prophet said, Every innovation (in the religion) is departure and every departure is depravity and all depravity is in Hell (Sunan Nasa'i, Hadith-1578).

Then they said, 'These various inventions of science such as buses, fans, mobiles, airplanes, these were also not in the Prophet's era, so is it innovation to use them?' We will tell them, you have no idea about innovation. First gain full knowledge about it, then come to talk. Allah the Exalted says, "Do not engage in matters of which you have no knowledge" (Surah Isra, verse 36).


They are also heard to ask the question that, 'So many people in the society have been doing this for so long, are they all wrong?' This question should not be raised by any Muslim. Because throughout the ages the infidels-polytheists used to raise this kind of question against the call of truth of the prophets and messengers. Nabiji Sa. Many hadiths tell us that many misleading things will be invented and established as acts of worship in the society.

Then he also gave instructions about our duties, you will hold fast to the Qur'an and the Sunnah (Muatta Malik, Hadith-1874); Follow the Sunnah of me, my Companions and the Khulafay Rashidin (Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith-4607; Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith-2641).


So, if you want to get salvation, the Prophet, peace be upon him. These instructions must be followed. What has been propagated in our ignorant society should not be overlooked. Those who are Prophet. Those who want to turn their backs from its Sunnah and guidance are the only ones who come up with these unanswerable questions.


When all the arguments in favor of the Khilafah Sunnah or Bidayat are over, these people say, '... But doing it this way brings emotion to the heart, it gives peace, it feels good.'


All these diseased people basically want to cure the disease. That is notA heart that does not find peace in the Sunnah has a diseased heart. Our duty is to take care of someone's heart if it is like this. But instead of treating the disease as a cure and allowing it to fester and grow, would it be wise? By inventing new ideas and cultivating them with the argument that 'I feel emotions'/'I am doing good work', one destroys himself and damages the religion of Allah.


Our previous ummahs, while adding, subtracting and changing the religion left by their Prophets with these arguments, have distorted, changed and reversed those religions that the religion that Allah sent for the salvation and success of people has now become the cause of destruction and damage. . Allah the Exalted says, Whoever accepts a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted from him and he will be among the losers in the Hereafter (Surah Al Imran, verse 85).


But human hearts are varied and changeable. In some actions and methods he gets passion and enthusiasm, while in other actions he feels lethargic. Man's duty is to regulate these emotions and ebbs and flows of the mind by the Sunnah. Do not let it grow according to its needs. Controlling the urges is the key to success, even in worship. Abdullah Ibn Amr RA. said, Nabi sa. He said, for every period there is tide or stimulation, and for every stimulation there is depression. He who controls the passions of his heart according to my Sunnah is successful. And whoever takes another path is destroyed (Musnad Ahmad, Hadith-6958).


Foreign Imitation: The date and year of Nabiji's birth are mentioned in authentic hadith. But date and month of birth are not mentioned. Historians have expressed over a dozen opinions on his date of birth. Similarly, the year, month and time of his death are mentioned in Sahih Hadith. But the date of death is not stated. In this case too, historians have mentioned a unanimous opinion.


This also shows that Nabiji's birth and death dates are not something to celebrate. Otherwise, the Sahaba, who loved the Prophet more than anything, followed him at all costs, would have preserved the date, celebrated the day, and followed the tradition of the Muslim Ummah through generations of their celebrations.


Even if the reality is like this, in our society, the Prophet, peace be upon him. 12 Rabiul Awal is the only popular opinion as the date of birth and death. Now speaking, when we assume that the Prophet's birth and death are on the same day, and if someone's birth and death happen on the same day, then the pain of loss is stronger than the joy of gaining on that day in the hearts of his devotees, then we do not mourn the day of the Prophet's death. Why are you celebrating Eid as a celebration of his birthday?


There is a historical reason behind this. When the Christians conquered large areas of Muslim settlements through the Crusades, the Muslim society was devastated, bankrupted in everything including education and culture. Meanwhile, the victorious Christians called their Prophet Jesus. Its birth festival was celebrated in Mahasamarohe. Muslims are very impressed by this festival of the victorious nation.


They thought, if we get rid of this calamity, if ever we can win, then we will also celebrate our Prophet's birthday like this. Allah Ta'ala conquered the Muslim world through Salahuddin Ayyubi, and at that time his sister-in-law, Abu Saeed Muzaffaruddin Kukuburi, the ruler of Erbil province in Iraq, started celebrating Miladunnabi, the birthday of Nabiji. That is why the day of death did not come into their consideration.


The Christian community celebrates their Prophet's birthday on 25 December. But their scriptures do not have any instructions to celebrate the Prophet's birthday, just like Isa a.s. His birthday on December 25 is also not proven. In imitating them, we have become like them. We invented a new worship on an unproven day without the guidance of the Shari'ah.


But Nabi sa. He repeatedly forbids us in many ways to follow the heathen in matters of religion. Said, "Oppose them (Ahle Kitab, Judeo-Christians, polytheists, idolaters, fire worshipers) in every way" (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith-5892; Sahih Muslim, Hadith-260; Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith-652; Sahih Ibn Hibban-2186). .


An aspect of Nabiji's obedience: As Nabiji's obedience to Allah Ta'ala. Its obedience is also obligatory. When we perform any worship, we observe the rules given by Allah for Allah. It is obedience to Allah. Obedience to Nabiji here is mainly to obey Allah's commandments in the manner shown and taught by Nabiji.


So changing the Sunnah system means rejecting obedience to the Prophet. Those who will be turned away from the banks of the House of Kausar on the Day of Resurrection are not deen-minded people. Rather, those who followed the deen by alternating between the deen. That is why Nabiji will say when he turns you back, Get away from those who changed after me (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith-6584, 7050). This change is called Bidayat in Shariah terms.


No matter how much we twist with logic, Sahaba Kiram RA. This is how he understood it. We are referring to a description. Abdullah Ibn Mugaffal RA. His son said, "My father heard me saying 'Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim' during the prayer." Then he said to me, son, it is farewell. You will stay away from farewell. I have never seen a companion of the Prophet more enraged about anything than the discovery of departure in Islam.


He said, I prayed behind Nabiji, Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman. I did not hear any of them reciting 'Bismillah'. So you will not read it aloud (Sunan Tirmidhi, HadYes-244).

We know that it is Sunnah to recite 'Bismillah' before the Qur'at in Salah. But here, in the place of low words, it is the self-sound, Abdullah Ibn Mugaffal RA. Considered farewell. Let us compare our thoughts with those of Sahabah.


Why We Oppose Bid'ah: Sahabah Kiram RA. He said, people will continue to invent innovations and kill the Sunnah. Thus one day only innovation will survive and Sunnah will disappear. Then if an innovation is rejected, the people of the society will be angry as if an authentic Sunnah is being rejected (Tabarani, Al Mu'zamul Kabir, Hadith-10610; Qurtubi, Al Bidau, p. 58).


In order to be freed, he must continue to reject bid'ah and bid'ah even at the critical moment and oppose bid'ah as much as possible. It is a duty for the saints of Allah. Ibn Masud RA. He said, whenever there is a conspiracy against Islam through the spread of an innovation, then a saint of Allah stands up against that innovation and continues to explain its signs. You will not miss the opportunity to be present at these places (Ibnul Qayyim, Jalalul Awham, p. 217). Ibn Masud RA. We oppose bid'ah to take advantage of this opportunity.


Authority of the Nabiji over the Ummah: The Nabiji was sent by Allah as a mercy to the worlds. His immense mercy upon us is beyond words. That's why Nabiji has many rights over us. He should be loved more than his parents, children, family, wealth, all the people of the world, even his own life, fasting as much as possible on the day of his arrival on Monday in gratitude for having him, and praying more and more blessings on him, One should conduct one's entire life according to his ideals and make every effort to promote, spread and establish his ideals everywhere including family, society. Let our argument be in favor of his Sunnah and not in favor of the prevailing society. May Allah grant you Tawfiq. Amen!!

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