Why do you get blood in urine?, Actions related to sudden bleeding with urine, sudden bleeding with urine
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Blood in urine is not a disease, but a symptom indicating an illness. This is known as 'Haematuria' in medical terms. In rare cases, bleeding is visible only when the urine sample is viewed under a microscope. This condition is known as microscopic hematuria.
Possible causes of hematuria are listed below:
Urinary Tract Infection – This is an acute condition caused by bacteria entering the body through the urinary tract and multiplying in the urinary tract. Typically, symptoms include burning during urination, pain, frequent urination, and a strong smell of urine. In some older patients this condition manifests as microscopic hematuria.
Benign prostatic hypertrophy – The prostate gland is an enlarged gland located between the penis and the urethra. It secretes a fluid that nourishes and protects the sperm. The prostate often enlarges in middle-aged men, causing constriction of the urethra and obstruction of urine flow. This problem can be seen in urine, urinary urgency and blood in urine.
Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) – When microbes travel from the blood or bladder into the kidney, it leads to a kidney infection. A person has fever with associated membrane pain. In some cases, the patient may also notice blood in the urine.
Kidney stones – Sometimes, minerals in concentrated urine are deposited on the walls of the kidneys or bladder in the form of crystals. Over time, these crystals become hard rock. Usually, these stones show no symptoms, but bleeding can occur if any blood vessels are damaged. Other symptoms associated with kidney or bladder stones include severe pain and urinary tract obstruction.
Sickle cell anemia – This is a genetic defect of hemoglobin in red blood cells. Patients with sickle cell anemia have a distorted shape of red blood cells in the form of an ink. The condition is characterized by blood in the urine.
Except for Alport syndrome, which affects the filtering membranes of the kidney's glomeruli, it is characterized by hematuria.
Kidney and Bladder Cancer – Blood in urine is the most important sign of kidney and bladder cancer. The most common type of hematuria in cancer is renal cell carcinoma.
Medicines – Certain cancer drugs such as cyclophosphamide and penicillin can cause possible urinary bleeding. In some cases, aspirin and blood thinners such as heparin can cause bleeding in the bladder.
Excessive exercise – In rare cases, strenuous exercise can cause hematuria. The cause can include dehydration that can cause a decrease in red blood cells.
Some other factors may be involved:
Urinary tract lesions
Chronic kidney disease
Because the risk of hematuria is increasing
Family history – genetics are always a prominent factor in any condition. A family history of kidney-related disorders increases the tendency for blood in the urine to increase in the family.
Age – Patients, especially men above 50 years of age, have enlarged prostate glands in Hormatia.
Infection – Any recent infection in the kidney can cause hematuria as the kidney becomes swollen after a viral or bacterial infection.
How is hematuria diagnosed?
A person must visit a doctor if any signs of blood in the urine are detected. Diagnosis usually begins with a detailed medical history in which the urologist will ask you about signs, symptoms, and causes that relieve or irritate them. This will be followed by the following tests:
Urinalysis – A urine sample is sent to the laboratory for analysis.
Bladder cytology – This is used along with other tests for microscopic examination to look for abnormal cells in the urine.
Urine Culture – This is another type of urine to investigate an infection.
Cystoscopy – An instrument called a cystoscope attached to a camera is used to look inside the urinary bladder and urethra. Tissue samples may also be collected if needed for biopsy.
Computed tomography (CT) scan – a special type of imaging test used to detect any stones, tumors or other abnormalities in the kidneys, bladder, and ureters. It takes cross-sectional images of the abdomen and pelvis.
Intestinal pyelogram – This is another X-ray-like imaging test in which a dye is inserted to examine the urinary tract.
Kidney ultrasound – This uses sound waves to create an image of the kidney.
Renal biopsy – A sample of tissue is extracted from the affected area and sent for examination under a microscope. This is especially used in cases where kidney disease is suspected.
Since hematuria is only a symptom and not a disease in itself, the underlying condition should be treated. An accurate diagnosis is the most important stem for effective treatment. There are some top urology hospitals in India, which are well equipped with instruments, which help in accurate diagnosis of patients
The treatment plan is decided based on the results of urinalysis. For example, if there is a urinary tract infection, antibiotics will be prescribed. Once the infection dies and the infection is treated, the hematuria will resolve on its own.
Apart from the above-mentioned list of urinary tract disorders, several other factors can contribute to the formation of blood in the urine. According to the best urologists in India, preventing the following factors can help prevent this condition:
Overuse of pain-symptom medications
Overexposure to radiation from radiation therapy or imaging tests
Running for long distances
Exposure to certain chemicals