Dengue causes, symptoms and treatment, dengue symptoms and remedies, dengue symptoms and remedies, why does dengue occur? What are the symptoms and treatment?

Dengue causes, symptoms and treatment, dengue symptoms and remedies, dengue symptoms and remedies, why does dengue occur? What are the symptoms and treatment?, Dengue symptoms and treatment

What is dengue or dengue fever?

Dengue and dengue fever are very common vector-borne viral diseases in summer-dominant countries of subtropical and tropical regions. Dengue outbreaks are highest in Southeast Asia, the Western Pacific Islands, Latin America, and Africa. In India, the incidence of this disease increases mainly during pre-summer and monsoon. Dengue infection rates are highest from March to June. This bone reaches its peak in April. The number of dengue cases usually decreases from June-July.

Its outbreak has also spread to Europe and the southern part of the United States. Millions of dengue infections occur worldwide each year. The disease also takes the form of epidemics depending on time and region. Untreated, wrongly treated, and delayed treatment lead to patient death in many cases. 

Patients with dengue may not show any specific symptoms. With proper treatment it is possible to cure this disease at home. Only in special cases does the patient need to be hospitalized. In that case too there is a full possibility that the patient will get better within 1 – 2 weeks. Increasing public awareness about this disease is very important. We can protect ourselves from the outbreak of dengue by following a few measures. This disease is easily eradicated from spreading locally.

Symptoms of dengue fever

Dengue (DENG-gey) fever is a mosquito-borne virus-caused disease. In most cases, the first time dengue patients do not show any special symptoms or signs. Only in few cases is the effect of the disease profound. Common symptoms of dengue are –

  • ·        High fever (40 ° C/104 ° F)
  • ·        Severe headache
  • ·        Painful feeling behind eyes 
  • ·        Muscle and bone pain 
  • ·        Nausea
  • ·        dizziness
  • ·        Swollen glands 
  • ·        Rashes in various places on the skin
  • ·        Severe abdominal pain
  • ·        Persistent vomiting
  • ·        Nosebleeds or nosebleeds
  • ·        Bleeding in urine and stools
  • ·        Uncontrolled bowel movement 
  • ·        Bleeding under the skin (which may look like a bruise)
  • ·        Rapid breathing
  • ·        tiredness
  • ·        Irritability and restlessness

These symptoms appear between 4 and 10 days after infection. Symptoms can usually last from 2 to 7 days. A second exposure to dengue increases the severity of the disease. That's why people who have previously had dengue are asked to take extra precautions


The dengue virus damages the blood vessels in the human body. As a result, holes are formed in the blood vessels. The number of clot-forming cells (platelets) in the bloodstream decreases. This can cause shock to the human body, bleeding from different parts of the body, damage to any organ and ultimately death of the patient. If any of the serious symptoms appear in the patient's body, the doctor should be contacted immediately or the patient should be admitted to the nearest hospital. Otherwise, the patient may have a life-threatening condition.


What is the number of platelets in dengue usually?

A normal healthy adult has a platelet count of 150,000 to 450,000 platelets per microliter of blood. The number of high-risk dengue-infected patients may drop below 20,000. This is when the risk of bleeding is highest. Moderate risk patients have platelet counts between 21-40,000/cum. However, in many cases of dengue infection, the platelet count changes rapidly. Platelet transfusion is required only when the platelet count is low and signs of bleeding appear. Otherwise, as the infection subsides, the platelet count naturally increases in our body. This requires a diet rich in vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin K, folate and potassium. 

Treatment of dengue fever

No specific medicine or antidote has been discovered for the treatment of dengue yet. Researchers are working. In most cases, dengue infection subsides with home treatment. Doctors control pain and fever levels with medicines like paracetamil. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to control bleeding. If the level of the disease increases excessively, it is very important to keep the patient in hospital and under medical supervision. Hospitalized dengue patients are given intravenous (IV) electrolyte (salt) fluids. It maintains the necessary water and salt supply in the body. 

Diet for dengue fever patients

For dengue fever sufferers, certain nutrients may be particularly beneficial, e.g 

  • ·        Vitamin C (found in citrus fruits, berries and vegetables), 
  • ·        Zinc (found in seafood, beans, and nuts) 
  • ·        Iron (found in meat, beans)
  • ·        Oatmeal (important for easily digestible carbohydrates and fiber)
  • ·        papaya 
  • ·        Coconut water should be consumed along with plenty of water to hydrate the body.

Improper food if dengue

Dengue patients should not eat food that is not easily digestible. For example – 

  • ·        non vegetarian food 
  • ·        fat 
  • ·        oily food 
  • ·        Grill 

Dengue Fever Home Remedies

  • ·        Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease. So save yourself and your family from mosquito bites. 
  • ·        Do not allow water to accumulate around the house. Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water. It is possible to control the mosquito population without allowing the water to stagnate. Inspect areas for waterlogging at least once a week. And throw away the accumulated water from plant tubs, vases, worn car tires. 
  • ·        Wear clothing that covers the body such as long-sleeved shirts, long pants, socks and shoes.
  • ·        Mosquitoes carrying the dengue virus are most active from dawn to dusk. Be extra careful this time. 
  • ·        Use mosquito nets while sleeping at night. 
  • ·        Use mosquito repellent chemicals such as permethrin. 


Dengue treatment

  • §  In case of dengue, doctors advise to take only paracetamol as medicine. Many people unknowingly take painkillers to relieve severe pain in different parts of the body. Doctors are warning that danger may occur in this case. Because painkillers can cause bleeding in the body, which can lead to death.
  • §  In case of dengue, doctors advise to consume more liquid food. For example - rice starch, saline, canned water, soup, fruit juice, lemon water etc. Liquid diet reduces the severity of dengue by 90 percent. To increase immunity in the body, protein-rich food pulses, eggs, chicken meat, small fish broth should be kept more in the diet.

  • §  Dengue patients have decreased platelets. So eat foods that increase platelets. Such as citrus fruits, peanuts, yogurt, sunflower seeds, green tea, capsicum, broccoli, spinach, ginger, garlic and turmeric.
  • §  Guava syrup can be drunk. This vitamin C rich drink will activate the immune system and relieve dengue infection.
  • §  Neem leaf juice works well to increase blood platelets. It also increases the white blood cell count. Neem leaves also have immune boosting properties.



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